China has restricted the use of crosses outside Protestant and Catholic churches in some provinces
Few things frighten Philip Woo, a pastor and missionary based in Hong Kong. The Lutheran has been spreading his faith among underground churches in mainland China for 25 years.
But since 2013, he has also been engaging in a supposedly less risky activity: organising religious training for Chinese church leaders in the former British colony.
For that, he was summoned to the religious affairs bureau of a district in the southern city of Shenzhen on 1 July, the same day that China enacted a sweeping national security law.
“I was surprised to get the call,” says the 63-year-old. “I had been verbally warned before. That was expected. But this is different. I’m now afraid for my safety when I’m in China.”